A World of Darkness
A TIMELINE OF TRANSYLVANIA AND RELATED TOPICS
Entries in bold involve vampires.
Entries in italics directly involve the characters.
271: Emperor Aurelian withdraws Roman troops from Dacia.
896: Magyar tribes conquer the Carpathian Basin. The gyula’s tribe occupies the area that will one day be Transylvania. Soon, the territory becomes part of a system to defend against threats from the east. The Pechenegs are the most immediate threat.
997-1038: Istvan I rules as the king of Hungary. Transylvania is recognized as part of Hungary. With the support of the Roman Catholic Church, he helps spread Western feudalism and imposes Christianity on the inhabitants of Hungary.
1022: Goratrix of House Tremere discovers a method of inducing immortality through ingesting vampiric blood. Tremere and seven followers become Cainites .
1128: The Order of the Templars is recognized by the Pope.
Mid-12th Century: Tremere begin changing select mages of House Tremere into vampyrs; the Tremere create the first Gargoyles.
1133: Tremere diablerizes Saulot; Tremere begins falling in and out of torpor. His seven personally chosen councilors, all bound to him by Blood Oath, spread throughout the known world.
1141: Geza II encourages Saxons to colonize Transylvania. The term “Saxon” is a generic name for German settlers, including peoples from Flanders, Luxemborg and Moselle. Their first colonies are in the Sibiu basin and Olt and Hirtbalu valleys. Later, they colonize Bistria.
1150: Arpad Ventrue create the Council of Ashes and formally recognize seven domains in Transylvania with seven princes to rule them.
The Kingdom of Hungary grants Saxon peasants hereditary titles in exchange for financial obligations. In many areas, the political leader of a village is given the title of Count and gets a larger plot of land.
The Szeklers, an ethnically mixed Turkic race, fight in the vanguard of Hungarian armies entering Transylvania. Later, they become the nobility in the feudal system of eastern Hungary.
1190: The Order of German Hospitalers, an offshoot of the Templars, is founded. In 1198, the society is transformed into the Teutonic Order
1197: Nova Arpad is captured; Ruxandra of Clan Nosferatu takes her place. Within a year, however, Nova is freed by an opportunistic coterie.
Several Cainites are summoned to Buda-Pest by their sires, and instructed to scout out the territory surrounding Tihuta Pass. By winter of 1199, a fortress is erected there.
1204: Fall of Constantinople
1205: Pope Innocent III instigates the Fourth Crusade, rooting out heretic Cathars in the Languedoc. It turns into a full-blown Inquisition. Goratrix, responsible for France, is angered by Church intrusions. He begins infiltrating the Church.
1206-1227: Genghis Khan becomes chief prince of the Mongols.
1211: Teutonic Knights are brought by Andreas II to defend the southern borders of Hungary from the Cumans. They help expand the Christian feudal system and continue to spread into Transylvania.
Teutonic Knights inhabit and develop Bran Castle outside of Kronstadt (Brasov). A cabal of knights inhabit a tower in the Tihuta Pass with a slightly different agenda.
1223: Mongols invade Russia and begin their forays into Eastern Europe.
1225: Teutonic Knights are expelled from the Transylvanian region when they attempt to establish a state within a state. By then, the construction of Bran Castle is finished.
1241: Mongols invade Transylvania using the Tihuta Pass as their primary invasion route. Hungary regains control of these territories within a year, but by this time King Bela IV loses control over much of his land. The Tihuta Pass Castle is overrun by the Mongol horde. Lothos loses the castle to the invaders.
1247-91: Szeklers repopulate the Aranyos area; Saxons repopulate the area around Mediasch.
1252: Inquisition begins using torture.
1260: Constantinople recovered from the Normans.
1283: Teutonic Order completes subjection of Prussia.
1284-1285: Mongols invade Transylvania again.
1288: Transylvanian nobles form their own legislature (or diet) in Cluj-Napoca. Note that before this time, much of Transylvanian justice had been maintained by the “wise old men” of the villages. Many serfs and peasants continue to think their own laws are more valid than the rulings of the diet….
By this time, the formation of guilds has a strong effect on the Transylvanian economy. Guilds allow merchants to set consistent prices, communicate trade secrets, and raise quality standards. Money, another gradual development, becomes a more common substitute for barter.
After the formation of the Diet of Transylvanian nobles, feudal lords demand increased crop yields from the local serfs. When these quotas aren’t met, many Szekler lords seize the debtors’ lands and redistribute them. Some impoverished serfs either flee the country or become outlaws.
1291: Mamelukes conquer Acre. End of the Crusades. The Holy Land is lost.
1291: At a meeting in Alba Iulia, Andrew Ill allows Vlachs to attend. Hungarian nobles, Saxons and Szeklers are also present. Many peasants consider this promising.
1301: Andrew III, the last king of the Arpad line, dies.
In early 14th-century Transylvania, landowning boyars begin renting their lands to peasants.
Friday, Oct. 13, 1307: Templars of France are arrested on the order of Philip the Fair, King of France. Within the next few years, Templars are tortured and tried for heresy. According to some legends, 33 Templars escape. Their famed treasure is smuggled out of France, most of it going to Scotland; some is taken east.
1312: Templar Order banned and dissolved. Two ships (also unaccounted fur) containing vast wealth set sail, presumably with survivors or agents of the Templars seeking refuge in other lands. Numerous splinter groups are formed, explaining why the Ventrue, Nosferatu, and other unseen masters all control the Templars at the same time.
1314: Jacques de Molay, supposed last grand master of the Templars, is burned at the stake in Paris for alleged heresy; King Philip IV of France and Pope Clement die within the year.
1325: Nicodemus moves from Alba Iulia to Tirgu Mures and establishes a haven.
1330: Prince Bassarab defeats the Hungarians and establishes Wallachia. It becomes a land of refuge for the Vlachs. Ambrus leaves Transylvania for Wallachia. Nicodemus enters torpor.
1348-1349: Plague sweeps through Transylvania and the Hungarian Kingdom.
1349: Bogdan establishes a new state along the Moldava River. Within a decade, it becomes the sovereign state of Moldavia. The princes of the nation are meant to be elected by a council of boyars and clergy. Fierce struggles for such positions eventually make the area vulnerable to invasion. Noriz, the Corrupter of legions’ childers use the political struggles in Moldavia as an opportunity to maneuver for position in their Reclamationist struggles.
1349: The Eastern Lord Ventrue vainly try to set up a number of Saxon princes as part of another council. Many are killed; some are eaten; all are abused.
1366: Louis I begins an effort to convert the Romanian Vlachs to Roman Catholicism.
1381: Peasants revolt in England under Wat Tyler. Wat Tyler’s lover, Patricia, is Embraced and takes the name Tyler in his honor.
1382: Turks capture Sofia.
1385: Tirgoviste becomes the capital of Wallachia.
1387: Turks conquer Serbs at the Battle of Kossovo. This is a major turning point in the Ottoman Empire’s invasion of the Balkans.
1391: The Turks cross the Danube into Wallachia. Mircea the Old allies with the king of Hungary to repel the invaders.
1393: Bajazet (emir of Turks) subdues Bulgaria.
1394: Pre-Camarilla, first inter-clan meeting to deal with Anarchs.
1395: Tyler’s attack against Hardestadt of Clan Ventrue begins the Anarch Revolt.
1405: Gratiano de Veronese joins the Anarch Revolt and leads the attack on the Castle of Shadows, resulting in the destruction of Lasombra the Antediluvian. Afterward, Gratiano convenes the Friends of the Night and announces his deed, but rejects the position of clan founder and calls for a restructuring of the clan. Most of Clan Lasombra join the anarchs, though a few led by Montano go into hiding and become antitribu.
1412: Joan of Arc born. Nicodemus awakens from torpor.
1413: Battle of Tzimisce’s Cathedral: Tzimisce anarchs lead by Lugoj attack the Tzimisce Antediluvian’s haven at the monastery of Sernog. During the battle the Antediluvian is slain by the anarchs.
1417: Mircea signs a peace treaty with the Turks, allowing for Wallachian independence. Eastern Orthodoxy is formally accepted as the state religion. The ruler must pay a tribute of money and goods each year to the Ottoman Sultan.
1418: Mircea the Old, grandfather of Vlad Tepes, dies after a 32-year rule. He is historically noted for having adding the duchies of Amlas and Faragas, building up fortifications along the Carpathian foothills, and calling for the construction of the fortress of Guigiu on the Danube border to repel the Turks.
Two noble lines struggle for control of Wallachia. The Danesti line – that is, the descendants of Dan II – has the support of Sigismund I, the Holy Roman Empire. The Draculesti line – that is, the descendants of Vlad II – is its fiercest rival. Vlad II has two illegitimate sons, Radu and Vlad (who will later be known as Vlad the Impaler).
1420: Anarch movement gains ground. The Vinculum comes into common use. Ottoman Turks successfully attack Transylvania.
1423: Nicodemus travels to the Monastery of Shadows.
1431: Vlad II is living in Nümberg. The Hungarian king chooses him to take the throne of Wallachia. He is summarily “elected” by anti-Danesti boyars (with the covert help of Traditionalist Tzimisce) and invested as a Draconist in the Order of the Dragon.
Joan of Arc burned at the stake at Rouen; Vlad II’s son, Vlad Dracula, is born.
1435: Founding of Camarilla.
1437: Antal Nagy leads a major peasant revolt in Babolna. These revolts lead to the formation of the Union of Three Nations. Magyars, Szeklers and Saxons then crush the rebellion (with one swift stroke). The Union declares that these three races are the only ones with recognizable privileges.
After the rebellions of 1437, the overlords demand serfs to work one day a week for their feudal lord without compensation. If tools or animals are required for this work, the lower classes have to use their own. At harvest time, the serfs are forced into six days of uncompensated work a week.
In the wake of the rebellion, Romanians are barred from holding public service, holding public office, or living in Saxon or Magyar towns.
1441: Janos Hunyadi assumes the title of voivode of Transylvania. He then goes on to defeat the Turks at Alba Iulia and Hermanstadt.
1443: Janos Hunyadi, Hungarian national hero, defeats Turks at Niš.
1444: The Ottomans defeat the Hungarian, Wallachian and Polish knights at the Battle of Varna. Vlad the Dragon blames Jonas Hunyadi for this failure. With the secret support of the Ventrue and select members of other clans, the Giovanni form the Conspiracy of Isaac with the intent of usurping the place of the Cappadocians.
1445: Wallachians led by Hunyadi win major victories. Janos Hunyadi overcomes the opposition of the Hungarian nobility and is chosen as “governor of Hungary.” He is considered the “true ruler of the Hungarian kingdom.”
1447: The alliance between the three Romanian countries – Transylvania, Wallachia and Moldavia – grows stronger. Janos Hunyadi is referred to as the “voivode of Tara Romaneasca” and “Captain of Wallachia.” Bogdan II, Prince of Moldavia considers him a “father” and pledges the fealty of all his armies. Bogdan states that Transylvania and Moldavia are one, consolidating the anti-Ottoman front.
1448: Vlad Dracula, a member of the Basarab dynasty, occupies Tirgoviste and occupies the throne of Wallachia.
1453: Turks capture Constantinople.
1456: The Turks conquer Athens and turn towards Serbia. Janos Hunyadi dies after repelling Turks at Belgrade.
1458: Matthias Corvinus, son of Hunyadi, becomes king of Hungary. The Malleus Maleficarum is distributed and the Inquisition reinvigorated.
1459: Bucharest chartered by Drăculeşti Vlad III, Prince of Wallachia.
1465: Rebellious Tremere break away from the main Clan, casting their lot with the Anarchs. From them, House Goratrix is formed as an independent entity.
1467: The Transylvanian voivodes lead a full-scale rebellion against King Matthias Corvinus (Janos Hunyadi’s son). Saxons and Szeklers unite with them. They work to unite Hungary and Transylvania and advance Voivode Janos Szentzgyorgyi to the throne as king.
1469: Aragon and Castile enter an alliance to defeat the Moors on the Iberian Peninsula, laying the foundation for the future kingdom of Spain.
1476: Vlad the Dragon considers Transylvania and Moldavia a common country. He “dies” the same year. Gargoyle Revolt at Ceoris begins. Jervais is badly wounded and goes into torpor.
1479: Transylvanian armies led by Voivode Istvan Bathory and Pavel Chinezul are victorious at Cimpu Piiuii. By the end of the century, Bathory states that he is king and voivode of Transylvania.
1486: First global convocation of the Camarilla meets. The Camarilla declares a Blood Hunt on the Assamites, the first and last time a hunt is ever called on an entire clan.
1492: Columbus “discovers” the Americas while searching for a new route to the Indies; his discovery is made known to the Spanish court the following year.
Oct. 23,1493: The Convention of Thorns ends the Anarch Revolt; a Tremere rite prevents Assamites from continuing to diablerize Cainites. The Cainites attending the Council of Thorns refer to themselves us the Kindred for the first time.
1495: Vlad Tepes is embraced by Lambach, then diablerizes Tabak, a (supposedly) 4th generation vampire, who was in torpor.
1496: The Treaty of Tyre ends the mutual aggression between the Camarilla and Assamites.
1500: The beginning of the High Renaissance. Attacks in Spain and Transylvania against the Camarilla begin, and are attributed to a new sect named the Sabbat.
1504: The first official meeting of the Camarilla’s Inner Circle following the Convention of Thorns is held in Vienna. The Justicar-Founders explain to the assembled Kindred that they can’t accomplish justice and propagate the Camarilla’s virtue; these two jobs are often in opposition. The Founders become the Inner Circle and convene to meet at each 13 years. They name as Justicars Targin, Griga, Lethe, Anachriss, Lenore Braundice, Holtz and Democritus.
1512: Dracula destroys the Gangrel Arnulf.
1514: An antifeudal uprising spreads like wildfiire across the voivodate. The resulting oppression will hinder the Magyar’s efforts to raise peasant troops in 1526.
1520-1530: The Tremere gradually move from Ceoris to a new chantry in Vienna.
1526: Hungarian army routed in August of this year at the Battle of Mohacs. They lack the support of the common people, as the nobles are afraid to call them to arms.
1528: Promise of 1528: The Camarilla agrees to a pact of mutual non-interference with the Giovanni, ceding them control of Venice.
1529: The Turks besiege Vienna. The siege ends in failure.
1535: Jacques Cartier lands on a lush island in Canada. He calls it “Mont-Royal”. In secret, a Gangrel antitribu and a mortal infernalist travel with his expedition and lay the foundations for the later city of Montreal.
1541: Ferdinand of Habsburg attempts to take the vacant Hungarian throne. The Ottomans attack in response, taking control of Buda.
1566: The Ottoman sultan decrees that all Transylvanian princes must be approved by him after appointment by the Diet.
1568: The territory of Hungary is divided into three portions. Western Hungary remains in control of the Habsburgs. Transylvania gains autonomy under Turkish suzerainty; the rest remains under direct Turkish control.
1595: Shakespeare writes Romeo and Juliet.
1599: Michael the Brave unites Transylvania, Moldavia and Tara Romaneasca under one rule for the first time. He revolts against the Turks.
1600: It becomes clear the Sabbat is losing its war against the Camarilla. Cities under Sabbat control fall on nearly every front, and Sabbat leaders begin fleeing to Scandinavia.
1601: Michael the Brave is assassinated. His union of the three Romanian countries quickly dissolves.
1610: Nicodemus comes across references to the Guarded Rubrics. He travels to Egypt to make contact with the Setites. His journeys lead him to the Fire Court, where he spends half a century.
1618: The Thirty Years’ War begins. Gabriel Bethlen, Prince of Transylvania, fights against the Habsburgs during the conflict.
1632: Galileo Galilei is tried for heresy by the Roman Inquisition.
1650: Younger Sabbat start traveling to the New World in droves, trying to keep the Camarilla from gaining control of the Americas. Lothos flees Europe for the Americas.
1659: Gheorghe Craciun begins a religion-inspired revolt that ends dismally. The Turks tighten their control over Transylvania, and use it as a staging area for an attack on Vienna.
1660: The Sabbat begins researching and codifying what will one night become the Paths of Enlightenment. The 13th official meeting of the Camarilla’s Inner Circle. The term archon is officially adopted for the agents of the justicars and the Inner Circle, who are no longer concerned about encroaching on the power of individual princes.
1666: The Kiasyd gather for the first Great Symposium at the Cathedral of Our Lady in Strasbourg.
1680: Ambrogino Giovanni proudly announces that the last member of the Cappadocian line has been destroyed.
1683: The Ottoman Empire again sieges Vienna, and are again defeated. The Habsburgs pursue the Turks as they retreat from Hungary and Transylvania.
1687: The Habsburgs gain control of Transylvania with the Treaty of Blaj.
1692: The Salem Witch Trials take place in Salem, Massachusetts.
1698: Capital of Wallachia relocated to Bucharest from Târgoviște.
1703: Ferencz Rackoczi II begins a revolt against the Habsburgs in Transylvania. His revolt is put down by 1711.
1737: The first in a series of minor revolts sweeps Transylvania. Other revolts take place in 1744, 1759 and 1784.
1740: The Sabbat of Montreal formulates the Litany of Blood in commemoration of all the Sabbat packs that fought in the area.
1750: The Tremere, after three centuries of compiling a list of suspected traitors to the clan, ritually curse the antitribu with a symbol that all Tremere can see.
1781: Nicodemus travels to Strasbourg to learn at the feet of his grandsire.
1789: The French Revolution begins. Anarchs, with the help of younger Sabbat, lend support to the revolution and spur it on.
1793: Robespierre’s Reign of Terror begins. In fear, many Camarilla elders flee France.
1799: Napoleon Bonaparte takes control of France.
Early 19th century: The Napoleonic Wars fragment the Holy Roman Empire. A portion of it becomes the Austrian Empire. Napoleon lives in Vienna for a few years. The Ottoman Empire and Russia suppress insurrections in Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania.
1812: Russia gains control of Bessarabia in Southeastern Moldavia.
1815: Napoleon is defeated at Waterloo.
Mid-19th century: Austria asserts supremacy over the remaining German states. Metternich helps establish an autocratic government. The Vienna Camarilla usurps greater infl uence over the Austrian bureaucracy, creating a new generation of Ventrue Embraced for their political skills instead of their noble heritage.
1847: Great Fire of Bucharest.
1848-1849: Inspired by recent revolutions in other nations, Lajos Kossuth leads a revolution in Hungary, attempting to establish a parliamentary government. Hungary declares its independence from Austria in 1849. Kossuth then becomes a virtual dictator, alienates other world leaders, and eventually flees to Anatolia.
1854-1856: The Crimean War. Czar Nicholas I insists on protecting Christian shrines in Jerusalem and the Ottoman Empire. Russia occupies the Balkans. In response, the Ottoman Empire allies with England, France and Sardinia to drive out Russian troops. In 1856, Russia withdraws its claim to the Balkans. Wallachia and Moldavia become independent principalities.
1859: Wallachia and Moldavia unite under a single prince, forming a de facto state called Romania. The nation is not internationally recognized until 1878.
1861: Bucharest becomes capital of Romania.
1866: The Austro-Prussian War ends Austria’s expansion. Emperor Franz Joseph refocuses his efforts on coming to terms with rebellious Hungarians.
1867: Austria, with Russian backing, reasserts control of Hungary. The dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary is established in March.
1877-1878: Another Russo-Turkish skirmish; Russia seizes more of the Ottoman Empire.
1878: Romania receives international recognition as a sovereign nation under the Treaty of Berlin.
1885: The Arcanum, a society dedicated to the scholarly pursuit of the occult, is officially founded in London in the wake of the mystical Parisian War of the Roses.
1889: Present night.